Writing Group Seminars

Fall 2014 Sessions

The writing group meets once a month and offers faculty an opportunity to present and receive critical feedback on research, proposals, manuscripts, or ideas. Our goal is to help faculty improve their manuscript or idea so that it is ready for publication. A live stream of the writing group can be viewed online ( http://connect8.indwes.edu/researchworkshop) the day of the meeting; additionally archived videos are listed below.  Sessions are from 11 a.m. to Noon.

Date Presenter Location
October 2 Todd Bowman Academic Affairs Office Conference Room (Jackson Library 170-J)
November 13 Grace Miller Academic Affairs Office Conference Room (Jackson Library 170-J)


Writing Group Archives

Psychosocial Health Among Entrants into a Holiness Denomination Seminary
Todd Bowman
Thursday, October 2, 2014

The present study examined the psychosocial well being of 118 entrants into a seminary affiliated with a holiness denomination. Data was gathered in an introduction to spiritual formation course utilizing a brief demographic questionnaire as well as the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) as a part of a ministerial wellness evaluation. A series of independent samples t-tests were conducted on the sub-scales of the PAI across gender, generational, marital status, and current ministry position. These sub-scales include the various domains of anxiety and depression, interpersonal style, stress management, thought content, substance use, and others. The results indicate that there are a number of statistically significant differences that exist between groups enrolling in the seminary. The results speak to the need for a variety of interventions when engaging in the personal and spiritual formation of seminarians during their graduate education experience.

Download the slides Stats Write-up


A Collaborative Laboratory Activity Demonstrating the Antibacterial Effects of Extracts from Two Plant Species, Moringa oleifera and Allium sativum (Garlic)
Grace Miller
Thursday, November 13, 2014

A variety of plants synthesize natural products that either kill or inhibit the growth of various microorganisms. These plant products may serve as useful alternatives to synthetic pharmaceuticals and can be especially important in regions where commercial drugs are often not available. Despite this, the role of plants as producers of natural antimicrobial agents is often understated or even ignored in undergraduate biology curricula. In this laboratory exercise, students extract water-soluble constituents from two plants, Moringa oleifera and Allium sativum (garlic), and determine their activity against both a gram-positive (Bacillus cereus) and a gram-negative (Escherichia coli) bacterium using a disk diffusion assay on Mueller-Hinton agar. Disks infused with commercially available antibiotics (e.g., penicillin and tetracycline) serve as controls. Following an incubation period of 18–24 hours, students obtain quantitative data by measuring zones of growth inhibition that develop as a result of strain sensitivity. To determine the effectiveness of the learning objectives, an identical unannounced quiz was administered both before and after the activity, and students showed significant gains in their understanding of the key concepts. Because this activity combines aspects of two major branches of biology—plant biology and microbiology—it is suitable for use as a laboratory exercise in courses related to either discipline, or it may be used as a laboratory component of a general biology course.

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America's New Internationalists? Evangelical Transnational Activism and U.S. Foreign Policy
Chan Shin
Thursday, April 3, 2014

American evangelicals, who were preciously known for their domestic political activism on issues such as abortion and same-sex marriage, have recently become more actively involved in international issues, including religious persecution, human trafficking, HIV/AIDS, and so on. In this talk, Chan Woong examines how the transnational turn has come about within American evangelicalism, making it more socially oriented without necessarily losing its traditional focus on evanglism and church planting. This transition, along with tensions caused among proponents of different approaches of foreign missions, is illustrated by a case study of the evangelical response to religious persecution abroad.

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Life Calling Research
Jim Fuller
Thursday, February 13, 2014

Life calling is a concept that many have explored over the years, and there are numerous theories that have been developed to explain it. Dr. Bill Millard has proposed a model of Life Calling that purports that there are three components to Life Calling, each of which also has three elements, giving a total of nine elements. For this pilot research project, Dr. Millard and Dr. James Fuller are planning to interview nine participants regarding their understanding of the concept of life calling and their understanding of the way it has played out in their lives. These participants will be randomly selected from the student population of Indiana Wesleyan University, and they will range in age from 18 to 30. These interviews will be analyzed. In a second phase of the study, a random group of participants from the same age range will be administered three instruments: the Measures of Psychosocial Development, which was developed to indicate how well individuals have resolved the eight crises of Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development; the Religious Schema Scale, which will indicate where each participant is in terms of his/her faith development; and the Life Journey Questionnaire, which will indicate where each participant is in terms of understanding of his/her life calling. These data will then be correlated to see if there is statistical significance between where one is in one’s faith development, where one is in terms of psychosocial development, and where one is in terms of understanding his/her life calling.

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Formal Services That Decrease Stress in Parents Raising Children with Autism
Lori J. Goss-Reaves
Thursday, January 30, 2014

This participatory action research (PAR) project explored how formal services impacted the level of stress of parents raising a child with autism. Data were gathered from eleven parents and three social services professionals through semi-structured interviews and three focus groups. From the data, five themes emerged. Theme one suggested that formal services decreased parental stress when they impacted the entire family system. Theme two indicated that when the formal services were in the home, parental stress decreased. The third theme found that formal services decreased stress when they provided the parents with support and relief from the daily care of the child. Theme four established that parents reported decreased stress levels when the formal services had a positive impact on the child’s development. The final emergent theme indicated that formal services decreased parental stress when the provider advocated for the child’s needs. Given the results of this study, the stakeholders developed an action plan that improved local services. Three presentations were made in the community to inform service providers about the five themes that reduce parental stress. Overall, this participatory action research brought together parents and service providers to positively impact their community.

Watch this session Download the slides Autism Brochure


Followership in Leadership Studies: A Case of Leader-Follower Trade Approach
Petros Malakyan
Thursday, November 14, 2013

Abstract Summary

  • The absence of followership from the leadership literature.
  • The review of the major leadership theories. The result shows
    1. Leader-focused nature of leadership studies
    2. Static understanding of leadership (noun vs. verb)
    3. A need for a new paradigm: a non-static approach to leadership and followership.
  • Introducing the Leader-Follower Trade (LFT) approach: an organic vs. static approach to leadership-followership.
  • Leadership and followership as exchangeable and tradable functions and roles.

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Midwest Community Study:The “Creative Class” in Rural Counties and The Importance of Being Urban
Tom Lehman
Thursday, October 31, 2013

This study is a cross-sectional OLS analysis of income levels in 601 rural and micropolitan counties across ten Midwestern and Great Lakes states. Much research on the market potential of nonmetropolitan areas uses population or employment growth as the primary measure of development. This study is unique in that it investigates the correlates to nonmetropolitan county income while controlling for population growth over the preceding decade. Measures of human capital, labor force attachment, population and infrastructure density, proximity to metropolitan areas, commuting patterns, and demographic diversity consistent with creative class theory correlate with county income levels in expected ways. The evidence provided here supports the view that counties on the fringe of metropolitan areas that can attract and retain “creative class enclaves” will exhibit higher income and market potential in the future. These findings may be especially relevant for the small-town communities in the Midwest and Great Lakes “rustbelt” states investigated in this study; communities that often experience structural economic changes in manufacturing, continue to feel the effects of the Great Recession, face challenges to remake themselves, and struggle to adapt to a post-industrial information economy.

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The Emperor's New Colonists: Visions of Mexican Society during the French Intervention of 1861 - 1867
David Burden
Thursday, October 17, 2013

A comparison of the ideals behind Emperor Maximilian’s colonization agenda and that of Benito Juárez shows a great deal of communality. In theory, Maximilan was more “liberal” than Juarez. Maximilian’s liberal tendencies were undercut by his conservative cabinet, and exigencies of responding to US pressure. After the restoration of the Republic, Juarez’s Liberal rhetoric was subordinated to his efforts to maintain power. Like Maximilian, Juárez abandoned visions of an “ideal Mexico” in favor of measures directed toward order and short-term security.

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How Much Debt is Too Much?
Harriet Rojas
Thursday, April 18, 2013

Obtaining additional education beyond high school has been a documented way to increase an individual's earning power over the lifetime of the worker (Bureau of Labor Statistics, 2013). With each additional level of education, the accumulated lifelong earnings also increase.  One of the key factors a person must take into account before matriculating to college is the method that will be used to finance the education.  Federal financial assistance has been available in some fashion since 1944 and there has been a growing dependency on federal funds to help offset the cost of education.  Indebtedness has been steadily increasing as a major component of financing options for students and families. There have been various federal, institutional, and private research completed documenting the various options of loans to pay for college. However, very little, if any, research has been conducted to determine the point at which a student has mortgaged the individual's financial future by taking out more loans than can realistically be paid based on the person's undergraduate discipline area. This study seeks to determine that tipping point and also to study the borrowing habits of Indiana Wesleyan University students who are undergraduates studying in the residential program on the Marion campus. 

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Addressing Culture in Therapy: A Multiple Case Study
Nenetzin Reyes
Tuesday, March 19, 2013

The purpose of the present qualitative study was to explore how therapists address cultural issues with interethnic couples where one spouse is a Latino/a and the other is a non-Hispanic White ("Anglo"). The sample in this study was made up of three cases, defined as a therapist who had worked with more than one interethnic couple. Information for each case was gathered from therapist's case notes, assessment packets, and videos of taped sessions. Results yielded 16 patterns (themes) of how culture is addressed in therapy. Overall, findings indicated that the manner in which culture is addressed depends on both therapist factors, including theoretical approach, and client factors, including willingness to acknowledge cultural differences. Discussion of the results include issues of cultural competence, the importance of specific findings, suggestions for marriage and family therapists working with interethnic/racial couples, and future research.

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Developing a SoTL-Based Lesson
Christopher Devers
Tuesday, February 26, 2013

Creating a SoTL-based lesson can be rewarding to both faculty and students. Faculty develop a better understanding of their own teaching, while students learn more and are often more engaged. This chapter provides an overview and framework for developing a SoTL-based lesson. First, we discuss why developing a SoTL-based lesson is important. Next, we describe a framework for developing a SoTL-based lesson. Last, we provide a detailed example of a SoTL-based lesson on schemas. Overall, SoTL-based lessons provide an avenue to improve pedagogy and increase student learning. 

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Using Videos and Self-Explanation to Foster Deeper Learning
Christopher Devers
Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Self-explanation is a beneficial technique used to deepen conceptual understanding (Chi, Bassok, Lewis, Reimann, & Glaser, 1989). This experiment combined online videos and self-explanation to create a way to deepen one's understanding of probability. The experiment had two conditions: a video condition and a video self-explanation condition. The results suggested that video learning combined with self-explanation was more effective than video learning alone. Using videos in conjunction with self-explanation is a technique that educators can use to improve learning. 

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The Wheel of Discussion
Christopher Devers
Tuesday, October 23, 2012

This quasi-experiment tests the effect of the use of a randomized name generator (wheel of discussion) on course performance in an introductory psychology course. In one section of the course, the wheel of discussion was implemented immediately, whereas, in the second section, the wheel of discussion was introduced after the second exam. Although results did not reveal an overall difference in course performance between the two sections, students from the delayed introduction section showed a larger improvement in performance with the introduction of the wheel, which suggests improved engagement over their own previous performance and that of the corresponding section. Results suggest that the use of a randomized name generator may be one way to improve engagement.

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Leadership Styles in Armenia
Petros Malakyan
Tuesday, September 18, 2012

This paper observes leadership styles of historical and contemporary Armenian leaders from autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire leadership styles perspectives within the Armenian monarchic, church, national, communist, and democratic leadership models in the context of the historical Armenia and today's Republic of Armenia.

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